Urban and Rural Communities
a compare and contrast essay
by Clyde Marc L. Garcia
When a sociologist studies the community, he studies it in relation to the complex relationships of the people within it. A community is a sort of individualized group of people. It is both the smallest and the largest number of people that can constitute a real social unit. Traditionally, communities are classified into urban and rural. An urban community is a group of people living in an area that is in a big town or city and often very crowded and busy. On the other hand, rural community is a small constellation of families and other institutions sharing common interests and functions. Urban and rural communities have characteristics in common but they recount lots of differences.
Some urban characteristics can be found in rural communities like prosperous tourist and mining areas. In the same way, rural constituents can also be found in urban like urban agriculture and accessing land for housing. Urban and rural communities are both dwelling places of various people from different places. Apparently, some urban people move from urban going to rural communities to seek for job and for the same reason other rural people are also migrating to urban communities for the notion of available jobs. Furthermore, the two communities are together being targeted by big time businessmen for establishing their buying stations for agricultural product like rice, tobacco, vegetables, and the like. In order for these businesses to run properly businessmen hire people from rural and at the same time go in search of trustworthy employee from urban. Urban and rural communities are indeed providing people resources primarily for survival and luxury.
Urban and rural communities are different in ecological processes. Ecological processes refer to the modifications that an established man in a given area bound to modify the physical features of that area through the influence of geographical, cultural, economic and political factors. The livelihoods of urban people drawn from labor markets within non-agricultural production wherein rural people drawn from agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing; their key for livelihood is access to natural capital. In urban, access to land for housing is very difficult since housing and land markets are highly commercialized but in rural access to land for housing is not generally a problem for them. Another important difference between urban and rural is the greater dependence of urban-dwellers on cash income for the payments of house rental, water, etc. and less reliance on the environmental resources. In contrast, rural residents often produce some of their own foods and get shelter and water from their surroundings. Life in the urban communities is characterized by rationalism, tolerance, secularization, formality and the decline of family relations contrary to the fact that life in rural communities is characterized by traits of the folk society ─ personal face to face relationship, belief in traditional explanation of the cause and effect concerning diseases, health and death, and the social economic and religious activities as centering on the family. Lastly, urban areas are more vulnerable to bad governance and on the other hand rural areas are more distant from government.
Urban and rural communities are different from each other. From the definition alone one could really distinguish their differences but through observation and critically thinking their similarities would come out. Urban and rural shared common characteristics that can be recognized through the interactions of people living in both communities. Big time businessmen are exploring the resources of these two communities by establishing their buying stations, large plantations, factories, etc. Thus, urban and rural communities are areas where people can interact and get their resources. As I have said, both provide resources for people but they are in opposing manner when it comes to ecological processes which are affected by geographical, cultural, economic and political factors. Understanding urban-rural likeness and distinctions provide the basis for measures that can improve both urban and rural livelihoods and environments. “Ignoring them means that important opportunities will be lost, and in many cases it will also contribute to poor and marginal people’s hardship.”